The Jokhang Temple is well-known as the spiritual center of Tibet. Every day, the pilgrims from all over Tibet do a trek to the Jokhang temple. Some of devout Tibetans even progress prostrate by the body length to the threshold of the temple. Pilgrims fuel myriad of butter lamps, honoring their deities with white scarves, murmuring sacred mantras to show their pieties to the Buddha. Every year, the Great Prayer Festival, as well as the rites of Dalai Lamas and Panchen Lamas’ initiation, will be held in the Temple. When you go for a trip to Tibet, The Jokhang Temple is one of the must-see attractions in Tibet.
1 The Lend of Jokhang Temple
The two princesses each brought a precious statue of Sakyamuni as the most valuable dowry. The Nepalese princess of Tritsun brought an eight-year-old statue of Sakyamuni, Princess of Wencheng invited another twelve-year-old Buddha statue of Sakyamuni. Tibetans recognized that those two famous statues were the first status to enter in Tibet plateau. In order to support such a sacred Buddha, the king who called Songzan Gambo began to build the earliest Buddhist architecture in the history of Tibetan Buddhism which is the Jokhang Temple and Ramoche Temple.
The Princess of Wencheng explained that the entire of Tibet Plateau is a supine Rakshasa woman, the Jokhang Temple where is a lake before is just the heart of the Rakshasa woman and the water of this lake is her blood. As a result, she recommended that the temple should be built in the lake to get rid of evils. Another twelve small monasteries are built in remote areas to press down the town of the witch’s limbs and the joints. At that time, the main transport is to rely on the goat to carry sand and soil bag which is used for filling with the lake. In fact, the word Lhasa is evolved from the Jokhang Temple. At the first, Lhasa is called RASA, RA is the goat, SA is the land, which is meaning the place where the goat built. The Jokhang Temple took twelve months to build but it was small and expanded to today’s scale in later dynasties.
2 The introduction of Jokhang Temple
1) It has carvings which have a long history.
The Jokhang Temple has the door frame of the 7th century and the above carvings. In 2000, Jokhang Temple has just been listed as a World Cultural Heritage. The most important reason is these wood carvings. You can’t see them in other monasteries in Tibet, but only in Jokhang Temple. The wood carvings have gone through 1400 as hard as iron. If you knock on them, they will make a sound of metal.
2) It has famous Jampa Buddha
In the Jokhang Temple, there is a very famous Buddha who is called Jampa Buddha. According to lend, Jampa Buddha holds the weather of Tibet. Every year, it is taken around the Jokhang Temple in a week before the end of the Tibetan New Year activities.
3) The twelve-year-old statue of Sakyamuni Buddha in Jokhang Temple
There are only three statues of Sakyamuni in the world. Buddhism founder Sakyamuni against idolatry and not build own statue for the temple. At the end of his death, Sakyamuni only agreed to build the statue with his own three different ages and he plotted for the statue on his own. After finished, the disciples had the honor to invite Sakyamuni Buddha to hold the consecration ceremony for this statue. Among of the three statues of Buddha, the twelve-year-old statue of Sakyamuni Buddha is the most beautiful and distinguished.
In the Jokhang Temple, there is the twelve-year-old statue of Sakyamuni Buddha. The value of statue of Sakyamuni Buddha is not only due to its historical value and cultural heritage value, but most importantly, it is not different from the Sakyamuni Buddha before 2500.